Order of Albert the Bear, Commander Breast Star

SKU: 01.ANH.0101.204.01

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  • Order of Albert the Bear, Commander Breast Star
  • Order of Albert the Bear, Commander Breast Star

Attributes

  • country
    Germany
  • date of institution
    November 18, 1836
  • remarks
    The inscription on Breast Stars may either read FÜRCHTE or FUERCHTE. There may be variations in the construction of this medal, such as enamel colour and depiction of bear. The Commander Breast Star was worn in conjunction with the I Class Commander neck badge, and as such was the same type for both Civil and Military Division, the distinction being solely made by the presence or absence of swords on the neck badge.

Physical Description


A four-rayed star constructed of silver, gold, silver gilt and enamels. The quadrants between the rays bear golden ornate club details. The obverse bears a circular medallion with the enamelled image of a bear with a crown ascending a wall with a door, encompassed by a border with the inscription "FUERCHTE GOTT UND BEFOLGE SEINE BEFEHLE. The reverse bears a pink back for attachment.

History


The Order of Albert the Bear was founded by Prince Sigismund I of Anhalt-Dessau around 1382 and was named after Albert the Bear (1110-1170), the first Ascanian Margrave of Brandenburg and the Count of Anhalt and Ballenstadt. The order was forgotten after Prince Sigismund I’s death in 1405. On November 18, 1836, the order was renewed and madea joint House Order by Duke Henry of Anhalt-Köthen, Duke Leopold IV of Anhalt-Dessau, and Duke Carl of Anhalt-Bernburg. The Order of Albert the Bear was awarded by the Dukes to meriotus subjects as a token of honour and distinction.

The Order of Albert the Bear originally featured three main grades and two merit medals, which included: Grand Cross with Grand Cross Breast Star, Commander, Knight, Gold Medal of Merit, and Silver Medal of Merit. In 1848, the grade of Commander was expanded into I Class Commander with I Class Commander Breast Star and II Class Commander. In 1854, the grade of Knight was expanded into I Class Knight and II Class Knight. From 1863, the reigning DUke of Anhalt was the order’s Grand Master. Non-Christians were not eligible for the order until after 1863.

The Order was amended on July 18, 1864, to incorporate crossed swords as a possible addition for wartime merit. The crossed swords, which are added between the top of the medal and the suspension ring, indicate a Military Division award. The absence of crossed swords indicates a Civil Division award.

In 1901, a surmounting gold-coloured crown was added to the grades of Grand Cross, I Class Commander, II Class Commander, and I Class Knight. A surmounting silver crown was added to the grade of II Class Knight. According to the statues, it was possible for a Grand Cross to be awarded with the combination of a crown and swords, however, no such medal was officially produced.

The revision of the statute in 1850 included the creation of a Breast Star for I Class Commander. This is the only difference between the two grades. The Commander Breast Star was worn in conjunction with the I Class Commander neck badge, and as such was the same type for both Civil and Military Division, the distinction being solely made by the presence or absence of swords on the neck badge.

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Versions

  • Price

    $5,200 USD

  • Composition

    Silver/Gold/Silver gilt/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: FUERCHTE GOTT UND BEFOLGE SEINE BEFEHLE

  • Size

    74mm

  • Maker

    Godet, Berlin

  • Version Remarks

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