Order of Merit for Arts and Sciences, Type II

SKU: 01.ANH.0102.201.01

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Attributes

  • country
    Germany
  • date of institution
    July 30, 1873
  • remarks
    The Order of Merit for Arts and Sciences, Type II was awarded from 1905 to 1912. There were a total of 105 awarded.

Physical Description


An ovular medal constructed of bronze gilt. The obverse bears a Gothic letter "F" on a smooth background, encompassed by a border of laurel. The reverse bears the split coat of arms of the house of Anhalt-Köthen, Anhalt-Dessau, and Anhalt-Bernburg, encompassed by a border with the inscription "Für Wissenschaft und Kunst" (For Science and Art). Topped with a crown. Measuring 58mm x 34mm. On a loop for suspension on a green and red striped ribbon.

History


The Order of Merit for Arts and Sciences was established by Duke Friedrich I and was awarded in recognition of meritorious achievements in the fields of art and science at home and internationally. The Order was first instituted in only one class, but in 1912 the order was expanded to include I Class, II Class, and III Class.

The original model of the Order of Merit for Arts and Sciences was an ovular bronze gilt medal with twenty-four pointed rays and topped with a crown. It was awarded from 1873 to 1905. The obverse center is a Gothic script letter "F" for Friedrich I. It is encompassed by a border with the inscription "Herzog von Anhalt" (Duke of Anhalt). The reverse beras the inscription "Für Wissenschaft und Kunst" (For Science and Art) encompassed by an open ended laurel wreath tied at the bottom. It was originally worn on a green and red striped ribbon on the left breast.

In 1905, the Order of Merit for Arts and Sciences was redesigned. It was made larger and without rays; instead, a laurel wreath bordered the medallion. The lettering of the "F" on the obverse was changed to a Gothic letter and the reverse contained the split coat of arms of the house of Anhalt-Köthen, Anhalt-Dessau, and Anhalt-Bernburg, encompassed by a border with the inscription "Für Wissenschaft und Kunst" (For Science and Art). It was worn on a neck ribbon by men and a bow on the left breast by women. The II Type was awarded from 1905 to 1912.

The award was redesigned against in 1912 and was divided into three classes. The characteristics of the Type III award were the same as the Type II, but larger. The I Class was awarded on a neck ribbon or a bow. The ribbon was green with red stripes. The II Class was awarded on a green ribbon with white and red stripes. The III Class was awarded in silver and on a ribbon on the left breast side. The Type III award was presented from 1912 to 1918.

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Versions

  • Price

    $400 USD

  • Composition

    Bronze gilt

  • Inscription

    Obv: FF Rev: FÜR WISSENSCHAFT UND KUNST

  • Size

    34x58mm; 22.5x17mm (crown)

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    This version was awarded from 1905 to 1912.

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