House Order of Fidelity, Grand Cross

SKU: 01.BAD.0101.102.01

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  • Grand Cross (1803-1918) (regular swivel hinge variation) Obverse with Ribbon
  • Grand Cross (1803-1918) (regular swivel hinge variation) Obverse
  • Grand Cross (1803-1918) (regular swivel hinge variation) Obverse
  • Grand Cross (1803-1918) (regular swivel hinge variation) Reverse
  • Grand Cross (1803-1918) (regular swivel hinge variation) Obverse
  • Grand Cross (1803-1918) (arabesques and gold pebbled medallion rings variation) Obverse with Ribbon
  • Grand Cross (1803-1918) (arabesques and gold pebbled medallion rings variation) Obverse
  • Grand Cross (1803-1918) (arabesques and gold pebbled medallion rings variation) Reverse
  • Grand Cross (1803-1918) (arabesques and gold pebbled medallion rings variation) Obverse
  • Grand Cross (1803-1918) (arabesques and gold pebbled medallion rings variation) Reverse
  • Grand Cross (1803-1918) (arabesques and gold pebbled medallion rings variation) Obverse
  • Grand Cross (1803-1918) (arabesques and gold pebbled medallion rings variation) Detail

Attributes

  • country
    Germany
  • date of institution
    July 7, 1715
  • remarks
    There is a great deal of variation within the Types of the Order. Small variations in design exist because of different manufacturers. The following variables may be encountered: size; composition; manufacturer; medallion; inscription punctuation; surmounting crown or wreath; enameled wreath; suspension.

Physical Description


The Grand Cross consists of a Maltese cross constructed of gold and enamels, sometimes with brilliants. The cross arms are in red enamel with ball finials at the points. The quadrants between the arms bear the crossed "C" monogram of Margrave Charles Wilhelm III. The obverse center bears a circular medallion constructed of enamels, with the crossed "C" monogram with the inscription "FIDELITAS" above and three green mountains below, encompassed by a gold or brilliant border. The reverse center bears a circular medallion with a red fess, the coat of arms of Baden. With a crown suspension on a loop. On a yellow sash ribbon with red stripes.

History


The House Order of Fidelity was donated by Margrave Charles Wilhelm III at the laying of the foundation stone of Karlsruhe Palace in 1715, before the establishment of Baden as a Grand Duchy. The order was conferred upon members of foreign royal families, foreign heads of state, and Ducal Prince and Princesses to recognize merit and engender loyalty. Originally, it featured only one class. The number of members was not limited to a specific number, but the Margrave reserved appointments. Just five years after the establishment of the House Order of Fidelity, in 1720, a star was added to the order. In 1775, the statutes of the order were altered and only nine knights were appointed until 1802. In 1803, the order was separated into two classes - Grand Cross and Commander. A third class was formally donated in 1808, but was never issued. Again, in 1809, the order was made a single class order. In 1815, the first order in diamonds was awarded to Prince Klemens von Metternich. In 1840, the 125th year of the foundation of the order, Grand Duke Leopold von Baden confirmed the statutes in that reigning princes of the grand ducal house were born knights of the order. However, the awarding of the order took place after the age of fourteen. Knights of the order were allowed to add the medal to their coat of arms. After the death of the recipient, the order had to be returned. Exceptions were made for crosses with diamonds as they were awarded as a personal gift from the Grand Duke. In 1871, the Duke donated a reduced cross for princesses of the grand ducal house. With the abdication of the throne on November 22nd, 1918 the order was discontinued.

There may be versions of the Grand Cross that featured rubies, diamonds, and other brilliants. The first model of the Grand Cross was awarded from 1715 to 1803. The second model was awarded from 1803 to 1918. The two models differ greatly in size. There is great variation in size and appearance within the second model of the Grand Cross. The variations are largely based on the year they were produced.

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Versions

  • Price

    $21,000+ USD

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: CC FIDELITAS

  • Size

    38x56mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    This version is constructed of gold and enamels and is from the period of 1715-1803.

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  • Price

    $9,200 USD

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: CC FIDELITAS

  • Size

    62.8 mm x 95 mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    The size of this version of the Grand Cross may vary from 54x92mm to 71-113mm. Known variations include the crown affixed by a swivel ...

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  • Price

    N/A

  • Composition

    Gold/Diamonds/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: CC FIDELITAS

  • Size

    57-71x92-120mm; 37x32mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    Small variations in design exist because of different manufacturers.

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  • Price

    N/A

  • Composition

    Gold/Diamonds/Topaz/Emerald/Aquamarine/Rubies

  • Inscription

    Obv: CC FIDELITAS

  • Size

    36.5-56x62-95mm, 33x30 (crown)

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    48.6 grams There are no records about this version being officially awarded. Small variations in design exist because of different ...

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Miniatures

  • Price

    $2,000 USD

  • Size

  • Composition

  • Remarks

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