House Order of Fidelity, Grand Cross Breast Star

SKU: 01.BAD.0101.103.01

Estimated market value:

$ Click to See Price/Value

  • Grand Cross Breast Star Obverse
  • Grand Cross Breast Star Reverse
  • Grand Cross Breast Star Obverse
  • Grand Cross Breast Star Reverse
  • Grand Cross Breast Star Reverse Detail
  • Grand Cross Breast Star Reverse Detail

Attributes

  • country
    Germany
  • date of institution
    July 7, 1715
  • makers
    Emanuel Wolff, M. Schmidt
  • remarks
    There is a great deal of variation within the Types of the Order. Small variations in design exist because of different manufacturers. The following variables may be encountered: size; composition; manufacturer; medallion; inscription punctuation; surmounting crown or wreath; enameled wreath; suspension.

Physical Description


An eight-pointed star with a Maltese cross on the obverse center. The arms of the cross are red and have ball finials at the points. The quadrants between the arms bear the crossed "C" monogram of Margrave Charles Wilhelm III. The obverse center bears the crossed "C" monogram of Margrave Charles Wilhelm III, above is the inscription "FIDELITAS" and below are three mountains.

History


The House Order of Fidelity was donated by Margrave Charles Wilhelm III at the laying of the foundation stone of Karlsruhe Palace in 1715, before the establishment of Baden as a Grand Duchy. The order was conferred upon members of foreign royal families, foreign heads of state, and Ducal Prince and Princesses to recognize merit and engender loyalty. Originally, it featured only one class. The number of members was not limited to a specific number, but the Margrave reserved appointments. Just five years after the establishment of the House Order of Fidelity, in 1720, a star was added to the order. In 1775, the statutes of the order were altered and only nine knights were appointed until 1802. In 1803, the order was separated into two classes - Grand Cross and Commander. A third class was formally donated in 1808, but was never issued. Again, in 1809, the order was made a single class order. In 1815, the first order in diamonds was awarded to Prince Klemens von Metternich. In 1840, the 125th year of the foundation of the order, Grand Duke Leopold von Baden confirmed the statutes in that reigning princes of the grand ducal house were born knights of the order. However, the awarding of the order took place after the age of fourteen. Knights of the order were allowed to add the medal to their coat of arms. After the death of the recipient, the order had to be returned. Exceptions were made for crosses with diamonds as they were awarded as a personal gift from the Grand Duke. In 1871, the Duke donated a reduced cross for princesses of the grand ducal house. With the abdication of the throne on November 22nd, 1918 the order was discontinued.

The first Grand Cross Breast Star was added as a grade to the Order in 1720 and it was embroidered. The Grand Cross Breast Star that was composed of metal was added to the Order in 1840. There is great variation in size and appearance of the Grand Cross Breast Star. These variations are largely based on the year they were produced and the manufacturer. There are versions of the Grand Cross Breast Stars that included rubies, diamonds, and other brilliants.

FOR SALE / WANTED

Item For Sale By

Be the first to sell this item

Wanted By

Be the first to request this item

Versions

  • Price

    $4,400 USD

  • Composition

    Silver/Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: CC FIDELITAS

  • Size

    85 mm x 87 mm

  • Maker

    C.F. Rothe, Wien; Godet, Berlin; Ios. Zuber; L. Paar; L. Raupp, Karlsruhe; P. Willet, Karlsruhe; Violet, Paris

  • Version Remarks

    There is variation in the size and appearances of this version as there were many manufacturers.

  • View Item
  • Price

    $5,000 USD

  • Composition

    Silver/Gold/Diamonds/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: CC FIDELITAS

  • Size

    81mm x 82mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    Only three Breast Stars with diamonds were awarded.

  • View Item
  • Price

    $5,000+ USD

  • Composition

    Silver/Gold/Diamonds/Rubies/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: CC FIDELITAS

  • Size

    89 mm

  • Maker

    Gottlob Mayer, Pforzheim

  • Version Remarks

    Only one Grand Cross Breast Star with diamonds and rubies was awarded.

  • View Item
  • Price

    $5,000+ USD

  • Composition

    Silver/Gold/Diamonds/Rubies/Topaz

  • Inscription

    Obv: CC FIDELITAS

  • Size

    78mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    One example is known to exist. Presumably it was a private manufacture, as an official award is not documented.

  • View Item
  • Price

    $3,500+ USD

  • Composition

    Embroidered

  • Inscription

    Obv: CC FIDELITAS

  • Size

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    This version in embroidery is the earliest known example of the Grand Cross Breast Star.

  • View Item

Comments

Sign in to comment and reply.

Scroll Top