Order of Berthold I, Grand Cross Breast Star with Swords

SKU: 01.BAD.0104.202.01

Estimated market value:

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  • Grand Cross Breast Star with Swords Obverse
  • Grand Cross Breast Star with Swords Reverse
  • Grand Cross Breast Star with Swords Obverse
  • Grand Cross Breast Star with Swords Reverse
  • Grand Cross Breast Star with Swords Reverse Detail
  • Grand Cross Breast Star with Swords Reverse Detail

Attributes

  • country
    Germany
  • date of institution
    September 9, 1896
  • remarks
    Value depends on quality and period of manufacture, materials, maker and provenance.

Physical Description


An eight-pointed star constructed of silver gilt, gold and enamels. The obverse bears a round central red enamelled medallion depicting Berthold I in armour with a flag and shield on horseback, encompassed by a gold pebbled ring and a broad white enamelled ring inscribed “GERECHTIGKEIT IST MACHT” (Justice is Might), surrounded by an additional gold pebbled ring. Behind the medallion lay two crossed swords. The reverse plain with a vertical pinback.

History


The Order of Berthold I was established on April 29, 1877 by Grand Duke Frederick I to mark the twenty-fifth anniversary of his accession to be conferred as an additional class above the grand cross of the Order of the Zähringer Lion. On September 9, 1896, the day of Grand Duke Frederick’s seventieth birthday, the order became separate from the Order of the Zähringer Lion. The order was then expanded into three classes: Grand Cross, Commander and Knight. Originally the Order of Berthold I had been established as an attempt to keep the people’s descent from the Dukes of Zähringen alive. However, with the separation in 1896, the order could be awarded to any individual regardless of status. The Order of Berthold I was awarded to individuals who or faithful service or as a special show of recognition and benevolence. Recipients of both the Order of Berthold I and the Order of the Zähringer Lion could wear both orders at the same time, but the last received order before the other. In 1900, a Collar was added to the Order of Berthold I. The order could also be conferred with swords, indicating military merit. The awards were conferred within two divisions, the Civil Division and the Military Division. The Civil Division awards featured a surmounting crown, and the Military Division awards featured a surmounting crown and crossed swords. In the case of the Breast Star, the Civil Division Breast Stars do not feature a crown or swords, while the Military Division Breast Stars do feature crossed swords. The Grand Cross Breast Star was also conferred once with diamonds to recognize exceptional merit.

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Versions

  • Price

    $3,900 USD

  • Composition

    Silver gilt/Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: GERECHTIGKEIT IST MACHT

  • Size

    85.9mm; 78x4 (swords)

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

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