Order of the Zähringer Lion, Commander with Swords

SKU: 01.BAD.0103.203.01

Estimated market value:

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  • Commander with Swords (in silver gilt) Obverse with Ribbon
  • Commander with Swords (in silver gilt) Obverse
  • Commander with Swords (in silver gilt) Reverse
  • Commander with Swords (in silver gilt) Obverse
  • Commander with Swords (in silver gilt) Reverse
  • Commander with Swords (in silver gilt) Obverse
  • Commander with Swords (in silver gilt) Reverse
  • Commander with Swords (in silver gilt) Obverse Detail
  • Commander with Swords (in silver gilt) Reverse Detail
  • Commander with Swords (in silver gilt) Detail

Attributes

  • country
    Germany
  • date of institution
    1866
  • remarks
    There is a great deal of variation within the Types of the Order. Small variations in design exist because of different manufacturers. The following variables may be encountered: size; composition; manufacturer; medallion; inscription punctuation; surmounting crown or wreath; enameled wreath; suspension.

Physical Description


A straight armed cross paty constructed of gold or silver gilt and enamels. There are ornate arabesque designs in the quadrants between the arms. The arms of the cross are in green enamels. The obverse center bears a circular medallion with the image of hand-painted ruins of the Stammschloss Zähringen, encompassed by a gold border. The reverse bears a circular medallion with a lion rampant on a red enamel, background, encompassed by a gold border. With an elongated suspension, on a green neck ribbon with yellow stripes.

The swords of the cross lay in the quadrants between the arms or on the ring. The length of the swords varies significantly. Examples up to 80mm in length are known to exist.

History


The Order of the Zähringer Lion was established by Grand Duke Charles on December 26, 1812. It is also suggested by historians that the order was founded by Grand Duke Karl in 1809 and was named in honor of his ancestors, the Dukes of Zähringen. The Order of the Zähringer Lion was awarded to recognize civil and military merit. The first order conferral ceremonies took place in 1815. Members of the grand ducal house were born members of the order. The order originally featured three classes: Grand Cross (and Grand Cross Breast Star), Commander and Knight. In 1815, surmounting golden oak leaves could be awarded with all classes to indicate additional merit and achievements. The oak leaves originally included an “L” cipher, but it was eventually discontinued in 1866. On June 17, 1840, the statues of the Order were officially instituted by Grand Duke Ludwig. At that point, the Commander class was divided into I Class Commander (and I Class Commander Breast Star and II Class Commander. In 1866, the Knight class was divided into I Class and II Class Knight. Swords were also instituted to indicate war merit. The first collar was awarded in 1868.

In 1879, the statutes were altered to permit a cross with swords to be worn beside a higher rank awarded later. Grand Duke Friedrich I also determined that officers and war officials of the Grand Ducal Army Corps, who were bearers of the Order of Military Merit of Charles Frederick and the Order of the Zähringer Lion had to carry the latter with swords. On the occasion of Grand Duke Friedrich I’s 25 year government jubilee in 1877, the order grew to six classes as the Knight of the Order of Berthold I was added. On April 29, 1889, a Merit Cross was added as an order grade to reward civilians for exceptional bravery and merit. The addition of the Knight of the Order of Berthold I was separated from the Order of the Zähringer Lion in its own order on September 9, 1896.

Recipients of the order could incorporate the insignia of the order into their coat of arms. If a person upgraded class or died the order had to be returned. The awards without swords were conferred for civil merit, while the awards with swords were conferred to recognize military merit.

The I Class Commander and II Class Commander are identical, the only difference between the two grades is that the I Class Commander is awarded with an associated Breast Star. The I Class Commander was also, on occasion, awarded with diamonds.

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Versions

  • Price

    $4,500 USD

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

  • Size

    49mm; 59x3mm (swords)

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    This version is constructed of gold and the swords are in the quadrants between the arms. A total of 256 were awarded, 82 for I Class C...

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  • Price

    $2,800 USD

  • Composition

    Silver gilt/Enamelled

  • Inscription

  • Size

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    This version is constructed of silver gilt and the swords lay in the quadrants between the cross arms.

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  • Price

    N/A

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

  • Size

    48.5x80.5mm; 29x29mm (oak leaves); 61x3mm (swords)

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    This version bears an oak leaf suspension. A total of 25 were awarded, four of those for I Class Commander.

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  • Price

    N/A

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

  • Size

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    This version bears the crossed swords on the ring. Only one was awarded.

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